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Для общего развития усердному тоефлеру небесполезно было бы ознакомиться с «прозвищами» штатов Америки. Больше фоновых краеведческих знаний – больше шансов не растеряться на экзамене TOEFL iBT, если попадется соответствующий текст. Весьма полезно послушать аудио от VOA о том, какое происхождение имеют некоторые из прозвищ американских штатов.

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State Nicknames

Alabama Yellowhammer State
Alaska The state is commonly called “The Last Frontier” or “Land of the Midnight Sun”
Arizona Grand Canyon State
Arkansas The Natural State
California Golden State
Colorado Centennial State
Connecticut Constitution State (official, 1959); Nutmeg State
Delaware Diamond State; First State; Small Wonder
Florida Sunshine State (1970)
Georgia Peach State, Empire State of the South
Hawaii Aloha State (1959)
Idaho Gem State
Illinois Prairie State
Indiana Hoosier State
Iowa Hawkeye State
Kansas Sunflower State; Jayhawk State
Kentucky Bluegrass State
Louisiana Pelican State
Maine Pine Tree State
Maryland Free State; Old Line State
Massachusetts Bay State; Old Colony State
Michigan Wolverine State
Minnesota North Star State; Gopher State; Land of 10,000 Lakes
Mississippi Magnolia State
Missouri Show-me State
Montana Treasure State
Nebraska Cornhusker State (1945); Beef State
Nevada Sagebrush State; Silver State; Battle Born State
New Hampshire Granite State
New Jersey Garden State
New Mexico Land of Enchantment (1999)
New York Empire State
North Carolina Tar Heel State
North Dakota Sioux State; Flickertail State; Peace Garden State; Rough Rider State
Ohio Buckeye State
Oklahoma Sooner State
Oregon Beaver State
Pennsylvania Keystone State
Rhode Island The Ocean State
South Carolina Palmetto State
South Dakota Mount Rushmore State; Coyote State
Tennessee Volunteer State
Texas Lone Star State
Utah Beehive State
Vermont Green Mountain State
Virginia The Old Dominion; Mother of Presidents
Washington Evergreen State
West Virginia Mountain State
Wisconsin Badger State
Wyoming Equality State